Football ” booties ” (Soccer Cleats) The history
King Henry VIII’s football boots were listed within the Great Wardrobe of 1526, a shopping set of the day. These were produced by his personal shoemaker Cornelius Johnson in 1525, at a price of 4 shillings, very same of £100 in today’s money. Little is known about them, as there is no surviving example, however the royal football boots are known to have been made from strong leather, ankle high and heavier than the normal shoe of the day.
Football Boots – The 1800’s
Moving forward 300 years saw football developing and gaining popularity throughout Britain, but nonetheless remaining as an unstructured and informal pastime, with teams representing local factories and villages in a burgeoning industrial nation. Players has on their hard, leather work boots, that have been long laced and steel toe-capped as the first football boots. These football boots would also provide metal studs or tacks hammered into them to improve ground grip and stability.
As laws become integrated into the overall game in the late 1800’s, so saw the first shift in football boots to a slipper (or soccus) style shoe, with players of exactly the same team beginning to wear exactly the same boots for the first time. Laws also allowed for studs, which had to be rounded. These leather studs, also called cleats, were hammered into the first football boots, which for the first time moved far from the earlier favoured work boots. These football boots weighed 500g and were made from thick, hard leather increasing the ankle for increased protection. The football boots would double in weight when wet and had six studs in the sole. The football boot had arrived…
Football Boots – The 1900’s to 1940’s
Football boot styles remained relatively constant throughout the 1900’s as much as the finish of the 2nd world war. The absolute most significant events in the football boot world in the first the main twentieth century were the forming of several football boot producers who are still making football boots today, including Gola (1905), Valsport (1920) and Danish football boot maker Hummel (1923).
Over in Germany, Dassler brothers Adolf and Rudolf formed the Gebrüder Dassler Schuhfabrik (Dassler Brothers Shoe Factory) in Herzogenaurach in 1924 and began producing football boots in 1925 which had 6 or 7 replaceable, nailed studs, that could be changed according to the weather conditions of play.
Football Boots – The 1940’s to 1960’s
Football boot styles shifted significantly after the finish of the 2nd world war, as air travel became cheaper and more international fixtures were played. This saw the lighter, more flexible football boot being worn by the South Americans being thrust onto the planet stage, and their ball skills and technical ability amazed all the ones that watched them. Football boot production shifted to producing a lighter football boot with the focus on kicking and controlling the ball rather than producing a piece of protective footwear.
1948 saw the forming of the Adidas company by Adolf (Adi) Dassler after a falling out in clumps along with his brother that was to make the cornerstone of football boot maker rivalry for the preceding years as much as today. Brother Rudolf founded the beginnings of the Puma company in 1948, quickly producing the Puma Atom football boot. This generated interchangeable screw in studs made from plastic or rubber for the first time, reputedly by Puma in the first 1950’s however the honour can also be claimed by Adidas (Read the Story on Footy-Boots). Football boots of times were still over the ankle, but were now being made from a combination of synthetic materials and leather, producing and even lighter shoe for the players of the day to produce their skills with.
Football Boots – The 1960’s
The technological developments of the sixties bought a momentous step-change in design which saw the reduced cut design introduced for the first time in football history. This change allowed players to go faster and saw the likes of Pele wearing Puma football boots in the 1962 World Cup Finals. Adidas, though, quickly emerged as industry leader, a position it claims until today’s day. In the World Cup Finals of 1966, an astonishing 75% of players wore the Adidas football boot.
The seventies began with the iconic 1970 World Cup Finals which saw a sublime Brazilian team lift the trophy with Pele again at the helm, this time wearing the Puma King football boot. The decade itself is likely to be remembered for the method by which football boot sponsorship became popular, where players were being paid to wear only 1 brand. In terms of design and style, technological advancements produced lighter boots, and a number of colours, including for the first time, the all-white football boot.
In 1979, Adidas produced the world’s best selling football boot the Copa Mundial, built of kangaroo leather and built for speed and versatility. Although Adidas remained dominant, some other football boot makers joined the fray including Italian football boot maker Diadora (1977).
Football Boots – The 1980’s
The best development of recent times in the look and technology of football boots was developed in the eighties by former player Craig Johnston, who created the Predator football boot, which was eventually released by Adidas in the 1990’s. Johnston designed the Predator to supply greater traction between football boot and the ball, and football boot and the ground. The look allowed for greater surface areas to come into contact with the ball when being hit by the football boot, with a series of power and swerve zones within the striking area allowing the gamer to generate greater power and swerve when hitting the “sweet spots” ;.The eighties also saw football boots for the first time being produced by English company Umbro (1985), Italy’s Lotto and Spain’s Kelme (1982).
Football Boots – 1990’s https://gpr24.pl/artykul/pruszkow-na-wakacjach/1324900
1994 saw Adidas release the Craig Johnston designed Predator with its revolutionary design, styling and technology rendering it an instantaneous and lasting success. The Predator right now featured polymer extrusion technologies and materials allowing for an even more flexible sole as well as the conventional studs being replaced by a bladed design covering the only real, giving an even more stable base for the player. In 1995 Adidas released their bladed outsole traxion technology which are tapered shaped blades. Puma hit back in 1996 with a foam-free midsole football boot, called Puma Cell Technology, to which Adidas responded again, this time with wedge shaped studs in exactly the same year. The nineties saw new football boot producers Mizuno release their Mizuno Wave in 1997. Other new football boots came from Reebok (1992) and Uhlsport (1993) with other companies also joining the rising, lucrative and competitive market place. Most significantly the nineties saw the entry of Nike, the world’s biggest sportswear producer, immediately making an impact with its Nike Mercurial soccer boot (1998), weighing in at just 200g.
Football Boots – 2000+
As technology advanced still further, the application of the newest research and developments were noticed in the years into the newest millennium right as much as today’s day and it’s generated a reinforcement of industry positions of the big three football boot makers and sellers, Puma, Nike and Adidas (incorporating Reebok since 2006). Fortunately, there still remains room in the market area for the smaller producer that does not have the big money endorsement contracts at its disposal, such as Mizuno, Diadora, Lotto, Hummel and Nomis.
Recent developments since 2000 have experienced the Nomis Wet control technology producing a sticky boot (2002), the Craig Johnston Pig Boot (2003), shark technology by Kelme (2006) and the exceptional design of the Lotto Zhero Gravity laceless football boots (2006) which underpin the successes these smaller makers can achieve by producing specialised and technologically advanced football boots that offer a definite differentiation from the produced in higher quantities products of the big three. Laser technology has also helped to produce the world’s first fully customised football by Prior 2 Lever, which will be perhaps the most exciting and innovative of the recent developments.
Since the debate rages with regards the lack of protection distributed by modern football boots, and the repercussion with regards to player injuries, there seems little to suggest that the major manufacturers are getting to give up their pursuit of the lightest football boot for an even more protective one. The proliferation of big money sponsorship deals, namely Nike Ronaldinho, Adidas with David Beckham and Reebok with Thierry Henry, has turned into a huge factor that drives the success and sales of a football boot maker, but is viewed as at a price of injury and stagnation in football boot research and development. All we could predict for future years is integration with sensor technology, lighter and stronger football boots and more outlandish designs and styles.